PARATRANSIT AND BUS ACCIDENTS INVOLVING ELDERLY AND DISABLED PASSENGERS: EVACUATION AND RESCUE PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
The provision of efficient and safe methods for the effective evacuation and rescue of elderly or disabled passengers from standard and modified vans, body-on-chassis small buses, and heavy-duty transit buses is necessary to ensure passenger safety. Standard methods are not always effective for these patrons because of their physical or mental condition or their insufficient ability to manage self-evacuation. Effective methods and equipment are identified and developed as a function of transit use by the elderly or disabled, accident incidence types for the various transit vehicles, a study of actual transit vehicle characteristics and their crashworthiness, and an analysis of emergency preparedness forces. Needed equipment is identified and suggestions are made for familiarity and simulation training, development of standard operating procedures, debriefing after actual accident experiences, and sharing technology. An industrywide project review committee was established to comment on the development of evacuation and rescue scenarios and alternative methods. Transit operators, state departments of transportation, and transit equipment manufacturers were interviewed as part of this U.S. Department of Transportation-sponsored research.
This paper appeared in Transportation Research Record N973, New Developments in Transportation for the Elderly and Handicapped.
Transportation Research Board
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Balog, J N
Pawlak, R J
Transportation Research Record
Figures (8) ; References (4) ; Tables (1)
Old TRIS Terms:
Design; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; Society; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning
May 31 1985 12:00AM
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